What is SCRUM?
Scrum is one of the most popular agile methodologies. It is an adaptive, iterative, fast, flexible, and effective methodology designed to deliver significant value quickly and throughout a project. Scrum ensures transparency in communication and creates an environment of collective accountability and continuous progress. The Scrum framework, as defined in the SBOK™ Guide, is structured in such a way that it supports product and service development in all types of industries and in any type of project, irrespective of its complexity.
A key strength of Scrum lies in its use of cross-functional, self-organized, and empowered teams who divide their work into short, concentrated work cycles called Sprints.
Scrum Vs Traditional PM
Traditional project management emphasizes detailed upfront planning for the project with emphasis on fixing the scope, cost and schedule - and managing those parameters. Whereas, Scrum encourages data-driven, iterative decision making in which the primary focus is on delivering products that satisfy customer requirements.
To deliver the greatest amount of value in the shortest amount of time, Scrum promotes prioritization and Time-boxing over fixing the scope, cost and schedule of a project. An important feature of Scrum is a self-organizing team, which allows the individuals who are actually doing the work to estimate and take ownership of tasks.
Following table summarizes many of the differences between Scrum and traditional project management:
|Parameters||Scrum||Traditional Project Management|
|Emphasis is on||People||Processes|
|Documentation||Minimal - only as required||Comprehensive|
|Prioritization of Requirements||Based on business value and regularly updated||Fixed in the Project Plan|
|Quality assurance||Customer centric||Process centric|
|Change||Updates to Productized Product Backlog||Formal Change Management System|
|Leadership||Collaborative, Servant Leadership||Command and control|
|Performance measurement||Business value||Plan conformity|
|Return on Investment||Early/throughout project life||End of project life|
|Customer involvement||High throughout the project||Varies depending on the project lifecycle|
For more information, see Agile Scrum Certifications.